Scotland must plan for a just transition for farming

By Ruth Taylor, agriculture and land-use policy manager, WWF Scotland

Scotland’s land and how we use it is hugely important in our fight against climate change and nature loss.  Given that agriculture is Scotland’s main land use, Scottish farmers and crofters are key actors in making sure we reach climate change targets, restore nature, and produce food sustainably.

The way we support agriculture tends to fund measures that can damage the environment and nature and doesn’t adequately support those working in a nature-friendly way. That’s why we welcome recent calls on the Scottish Government from the Just Transition Commission to reform future farm support systems and support farmers to deliver greater climate action.

To put the urgency of action into context – almost a fifth of Scotland’s emissions come from agriculture and current emissions reductions trends are not where they need to be. Until this year, the sector’s emissions had remained static for over a decade and last year a report from WWF Scotland showed that the policy measures currently proposed for agriculture get us less than halfway to where we need to be for Scotland to remain on track to reach net zero as a nation.

We also know that our changing climate is already impacting Scottish farming. Research from WWF found that extreme weather in 2017 contributed to losses of up to £161 million for Scotland’s farmers. With the recent record-breaking temperatures, along with water scarcity and drought warnings, it’s clear that the sector is having to play catch-up to the changing climate, rather than taking proactive measures to drive down emissions.

This all shows that Scotland desperately needs a new and more ambitious system to support farming. The Scottish Government has a once in a lifetime opportunity to reframe how it spends the half a billion pounds that it directs every year to farm subsidies. This funding comes with few strings attached, benefits the most agriculturally productive and intensely farmed areas, and in some cases supports damage to the environment and nature.

We’re supporting Scottish Environment LINK’s ‘Farm for Scotland’s Future’ campaign which is calling on the Scottish Government to use its forthcoming Agriculture Bill to develop a rural support system that works for climate, nature, and people.

We agree with the Just Transition Commission’s calls for an ambitious farm payment scheme and would like to see a proposed Just Transition Plan for Agriculture brought forward before the introduction of legislation. This would give businesses and communities the guidance they need to invest in their future and receive the support necessary transition to regenerative farming systems while the Scottish Government frames how future support will guarantee reduced emissions, restore nature, and ensure that benefits are more fairly shared.

Scotland has the opportunity to lead the way by creating a system that supports our climate ambitions, people, and nature. By using a greater share of public money to support nature- and climate-friendly farming practices we can help biodiversity thrive, lock in carbon and support climate adaptation. This would also build resilience and bring benefits for farm businesses and rural communities.

Unless we take seriously the pressures land, nature, and climate are facing now, we will exacerbate problems for future generations of land managers by locking-in rising pressures on land from pollution and nature decline. And without urgent action we will fail to deliver a just transition for farming.

This article was first published in the Scotsman on 4 August 2022.

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this blog are the author’s and do not necessarily represent the views of all the organisations backing the Farm for Scotland’s Future campaign.